Anti-Suit Injunction Granted: Indian Court Upholds Jurisdiction in International Divorce Case

In NOTICE OF MOTION (SUIT) NO.28 OF 2015, Hon’ble Bombay High Court granted an anti-suit injunction, upholding its jurisdiction in an international divorce case. The order pertains to a dispute between a plaintiff and defendant who got married in India but were residing in the UK. The plaintiff alleges that the defendant forced her to return to India and initiated divorce proceedings in the UK, while the plaintiff argues that Indian law should govern the case. Let’s delve into the details and understand the implications of this significant legal development.


The plaintiff and defendant, both Indian nationals, had their marriage solemnized in Mumbai under the provisions of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955. However, they were residing in the UK when marital issues arose. The plaintiff claims that the defendant compelled her to return to India and subsequently filed for divorce in the UK. The plaintiff, citing Indian law, disputed the jurisdiction of the UK court and raised concerns about her ability to defend herself in a foreign jurisdiction without financial assistance.

Court's Decision

The court order, referring to various legal precedents, emphasized that when a marriage is solemnized under the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955, the provisions of that act govern the matrimonial relationship. The court held that the defendant’s domicile in the UK, whether by birth or choice, does not negate the jurisdiction of the court specified under section 19 of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955. It further highlighted that the defendant had created circumstances that obstructed the plaintiff’s entry into the UK, making it unjust to expect her to defend the divorce proceedings in a foreign jurisdiction.

Indian Court and London Court in International Divorce Case -Anti-Suit Injunction Granted

In its decision, the court relied on the principles laid down by the Supreme Court of India in various cases. It noted that it is the duty of the court to protect the wife against the burden of litigating in an inconvenient forum, especially when she lacks support and resources in that jurisdiction. The court concluded that the appropriate forum for this case is within India, where the marriage was solemnized and the plaintiff currently resides.


The grant of an anti-suit injunction in this case reaffirms the court’s commitment to protecting the rights and interests of parties involved in international matrimonial disputes. It establishes that the jurisdiction of the court where the marriage was solemnized prevails over the defendant’s foreign domicile. By restraining the defendant from proceeding with the divorce case in the UK, the court ensures that the plaintiff can seek justice within her home country.


The recent court order granting an anti-suit injunction in an international divorce case underscores the importance of jurisdiction and protection of parties’ rights in matrimonial matters. The decision reinforces the application of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955, to marriages solemnized under its provisions, irrespective of the defendant’s foreign domicile. This significant ruling promotes fairness, ensuring that the plaintiff can defend her rights in a familiar legal system.

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