Any Court may, at any stage of any inquiry, trial or other proceeding under this Code, summon any person as a witness, or examine any person in attendance, though not summoned as a witness, or recall and re-examine any person already examined; and the Court shall summon and examine or recall and re-examine any such person if his evidence appears to it to be essential to the just decision of the case.

Bullet Points on Section 311 CrPC:

Section 311 of the Indian Code of Criminal Procedure empowers any court at any stage of an inquiry, trial, or proceeding to:

  • Summon a person as a witness.
  • Examine a person present, even if they were not initially summoned as a witness.
  • Recall and re-examine any person who has already been examined.
  • The court is obligated to summon, examine, or recall and re-examine any person if their evidence is deemed crucial for a just decision in the case.

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